Edvard Munch was born in Norway in 1863. His father raised him after his mother died in 1868. His father's mental health had a profound effect on Munch and his art. Munch once stated that "illness, madness and death were the black angels that kept watch over my cradle and they have followed me
throughout my life".
Munch began studying in 1881 at the Royal School of Design of Kristiania (now Oslo). In 1885 he travelled to Paris where he discovered the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works of Manet and Cezanne. He was also influenced by Symbolists, where his subject matter depicts a state of mind rather than an external reality, and above all Gauguin.
During his career Munch travelled between Norway, Paris and Berlin and was a prominent member of avant-garde circles. While in Berlin, Munch began experimenting with a variety of new mediums, including photography, colour lithography and woodcuts, often re-working his older imagery. During the Nazi era, his works were labelled "degenerate art" and were removed from German museums.
Munch's intense paintings heralded his status as a founder of Expressionism. His psychological and often controversial imagery continues to captivate modern audiences.
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