Realism, in its broadest sense, is often used interchangeably with Naturalism. This is art which aims to reproduce reality accurately and objectively. As a phase of nineteen-century art, Realism refers to down to earth art which rejects the idealistic tendencies of Romanticism.
The leader of this movement was French Artist, Courbet, who concentrated on reproducing what was immediately accessible to him. He said, “painting is essentially a concrete art and must be applied to real and existing things”. The impact of photography on Realism is evident by the fact that realist art can be often mistaken for a photograph due to its acute attention to detail.
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